How to Install and Configure Proxy Server with Squid3 on Ubuntu Server 12.04 LTS

Squid is a popular appliaction that used as web proxy cache server which provides proxy and cache services for HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, gopher and other popular network protocols. Squid can implement caching of Domain Name Server (DNS) lookups and caching and proxying Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) requests, and perform transparent addition, Squid also supports a wide variety of caching protocols, such as Internet Cache Protocol (ICP), the Hyper Text Caching Protocol (HTCP), the Cache Array Routing Protocol (CARP), and the Web Cache Coordination Protocol (WCCP)

The Squid proxy cache server is an excellent solution to a variety of proxy and caching server needs, and scales from the branch office to enterprise level networks while providing extensive, granular access control mechanisms and monitoring of critical parameters via the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). When selecting a computer system for use as a dedicated Squid proxy, or caching servers, ensure your system is configured with a large amount of physical memory, as Squid maintains an in-memory cache for increased performance

On This tutorial I will demonstrate how to installing and configure Proxy server with Squid3 on Ubuntu server 12.04. Here’s basic features squid3 :

  • Connection Pinning (for NTLM Auth Passthrough)
  • Native IPv6
  • Quality of Service (QoS) Flow support
  • Native Memory Cache
  • SSL Bump (for HTTPS Filtering and Adaptation)
  • TProxy v4.1+ support
  • eCAP Adaptation Module support
  • Error Page Localization
  • Follow X-Forwarded-For support
  • X-Forwarded-For options extended (truncate, delete, transparent)
  • Peer-Name ACL
  • Reply headers to external ACL.
  • ICAP and eCAP Logging
  • ICAP Service Sets and Chains
  • ICY (SHOUTcast) streaming protocol support
  • HTTP/1.1 support on connections to web servers and peers.
  • More feature here

Installing Squid3

Log in on Ubuntu Server, then type command below to Install squid2 in ubuntu server 12.04:

sudo apt-get install squid3 ccze

Configure Squid3

Create directory for Cache, on this case cache directory placed on directory /home/precise/cache/. Then change the permissions cache directory to 777 and owner proxy:proxy

sudo mkdir -p /home/precise/cache/
sudo chmod 777 /home/precise/cache/
sudo chown proxy:proxy /home/precise/cache/

Before editing squid configuration, Make a backup of your /etc/squid3/squid.conf file for future reference. Squid.conf has nearly all the options listed and it is recommended to go through that file to know more about squid options.

sudo cp /etc/squid3/squid.conf /etc/squid3/squid.conf.origin
sudo chmod a-w /etc/squid3/squid.conf.origin

Now edit /etc/squid3/squid.conf file, delete all options in /etc/squid3/squid.conf then replace with squid3 configuration below

sudo nano /etc/squid3/squid.conf

Squid3 configuration:

# ====================
acl QUERY urlpath_regex -i cgi-bin \? \.php$ \.asp$ \.shtml$ \.cfm$ \.cfml$ \.phtml$ \.php3$ localhost
acl all src
acl localnet src
acl localnet src # Your network here
acl localhost src
acl safeports port 21 70 80 210 280 443 488 563 591 631 777 901 81 3128 1025-65535
acl sslports port 443 563 81 2087 10000
acl manager proto cache_object
acl purge method PURGE
acl connect method CONNECT
acl ym dstdomain
acl ym dstdomain
acl ym dstdomain
acl ym dstdomain
acl ymregex url_regex yupdater.yim ymsgr myspaceim
http_access deny ym
http_access deny ymregex
http_access allow manager localhost
http_access deny manager
http_access allow purge localhost
http_access deny purge
http_access deny !safeports
http_access deny CONNECT !sslports
http_access allow localhost
http_access allow localnet
http_access deny all
# —————
http_port 3128
# ==============================
cache_mem 8 MB
maximum_object_size_in_memory 32 KB
memory_replacement_policy heap GDSF
cache_replacement_policy heap LFUDA
cache_dir aufs /home/precise/cache 10000 14 256
maximum_object_size 128000 KB
cache_swap_low 95
cache_swap_high 99
# ==================================
access_log /var/log/squid3/access.log
cache_log /cache/cache.log
#cache_log /dev/null
cache_store_log none
logfile_rotate 5
log_icp_queries off
# ========================
cache deny QUERY
refresh_pattern ^ftp: 1440 20% 10080 reload-into-ims
refresh_pattern ^gopher: 1440 0% 1440
refresh_pattern -i \.(gif|png|jp?g|ico|bmp|tiff?)$ 10080 95% 43200 override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims ignore-no-cache ignore-private
refresh_pattern -i \.(rpm|cab|deb|exe|msi|msu|zip|tar|xz|bz|bz2|lzma|gz|tgz|rar|bin|7z|doc?|xls?|ppt?|pdf|nth|psd|sis)$ 10080 90% 43200 override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims ignore-no-cache ignore-private
refresh_pattern -i \.(avi|iso|wav|mid|mp?|mpeg|mov|3gp|wm?|swf|flv|x-flv|axd)$ 43200 95% 432000 override-expire override-lastmod reload-into-ims ignore-no-cache ignore-private
refresh_pattern -i \.(html|htm|css|js)$ 1440 75% 40320
refresh_pattern -i \.index.(html|htm)$ 0 75% 10080
refresh_pattern -i (/cgi-bin/|\?) 0 0% 0
refresh_pattern . 1440 90% 10080
quick_abort_min 0 KB
quick_abort_max 0 KB
quick_abort_pct 100
store_avg_object_size 13 KB
# ===========
vary_ignore_expire on
# ===============
request_header_access From deny all
request_header_access Server deny all
request_header_access Link deny all
request_header_access Via deny all
request_header_access X-Forwarded-For deny all
# =======
forward_timeout 240 second
connect_timeout 30 second
peer_connect_timeout 5 second
read_timeout 600 second
request_timeout 60 second
shutdown_lifetime 10 second
# =====================
cache_mgr ninja
cache_effective_user proxy
cache_effective_group proxy
httpd_suppress_version_string on
visible_hostname ninja
ftp_list_width 32
ftp_passive on
ftp_sanitycheck on
# ==========
dns_timeout 10 seconds
dns_nameservers # DNS Server
# ===========
memory_pools off
client_db off
reload_into_ims on
coredump_dir /cache
pipeline_prefetch on
offline_mode off
#Marking ZPH
zph_mode tos
zph_local 0x04
zph_parent 0
zph_option 136

Create swap directory,

squid3 -z

Restart squid3:

sudo /etc/init.d/squid3 restart


Tags: #Cache #Proxy Server #Squid3 #Ubuntu Server 12.04

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