Moodle (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) is a free and opensource software course management system web based, developed in PHP Script and MySQL database that allows the creation and management of courses via web. It designed to help educators create quality online courses. One of the main advantages of Moodle over other systems is a strong grounding in social constructionist pedagogy.
Moodle has features that allow it to scale to very large deployments and hundreds of thousands of students, yet it can also be used for a primary school or an education hobbyist. Many institutions use it as their platform to conduct fully online courses, while some use it simply to augment face-to-face courses
Many of Moodle users love to use the activity modules such as forums, databases and wikis to build richly collaborative communities of learning around their subject matter (in the social constructionist tradition), while others prefer to use Moodle as a way to deliver content to students (such as standard SCORM packages) and assess learning using assignments or quizzes.
Moodle has been released in 2.3.2 stable version on 10th September, 2012. comes with many features and changes, for more detail about it you can see at moodle 2.3 release notes .Moodle currenly available in the officialy ubuntu repository, but it still in version 1.9. On ubuntu server 12.04, there are two methods to install moodle, First method using the apt-get. Second method, installing moodle 2.3 manually.
Step by Step to installing moodle using apt-get
Step 1. First, Make sure Apache2 web server,Mysql database and PHP5 (called LAMP Server) already installed on ubuntu server 12.04.
sudo apt-get install lamp-server^
or, install lamp server using command tasksel
Select LAMP server
Step 2. Install moodle with following command:
sudo apt-get install moodle
Enter URL for moodle site
Next instalation procedure will ask you with database manger you will use, recommended use MySQL Database
Step 3. Now moodle installation finished and Moodle already in use by opening web browser then type http://hostname/moodle
Step by Step Installing moodle 2.3 manually
Step 1.Make sure LAMP server has been installed on Ubuntu Server 12.04.
sudo apt-get install lamp-server^ php5-intl
Step 2. Download the installation archive from the Moodle download page, download it using wget command
wget -O moodle-latest.tgz http://sourceforge.net/projects/moodle/files/Moodle/stable23/moodle-latest-23.tgz/download
Step 3. Extract moodle-latest.tgz and copy or move in to directory /var/www
tar -zxvf moodle-latest.tgz
sudo mv moodle /var/www
Step 4. Change an ownership of all Drupal installation files to user and group (www-data).
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data moodle/
Step 5. Create directory for moodle data, then set access directory moodle data to user and group (www-data)
sudo mkdir /var/moodledata sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/moodledata
Step 6. Create a MySQL database for moodle installation. Log in to mysql server as root user:
mysql -u root -p
Create mysql database with name “dbmoodle”
CREATE DATABASE dbmoodle;
ALTER DATABASE dbmoodle charset=utf8;
Create mysql database user with username “moodleuser”
CREATE USER moodleuser;
Set password for user “moodleuser”
SET PASSWORD FOR moodleuser = PASSWORD("moodlepass");
Set privillage for “moodleuser”, then log out from mysql server
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON dbmoodle.* TO moodleuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY "moodlepass";
Step 7. Now moodle ready to install via web browser, open your favorite browser then navigate to [http://ipserver/moodle].
Note: This guide also work on ubuntu server 12.10, ubuntu server 11.10,ubuntu server 11.04 and Debian Server